Within our Andean Wonder 9 days program we will visit the most important sites between the cities of Lima, Ica and Cusco (Machupicchu). From Lima we will travel by bus throughout the Peruvian South visiting the most important places in each department. In Lima we will have a tour of the modern and contemporary area; in Ica we will visit the Ballestas Island, a beautiful place surrounded by marine fauna. Finally we will visit the city of Cusco and its tourist attractions and its imposing Machupicchu.
Lima comes from the original Quechua word Rimaq (Speaker), known as “City of Kings” founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro, considered the new Spanish city, capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru. The first Viceroy of Peru was Francisco Alvarez de Toledo, the most important and praised as the “Supreme Organizer”, who commanded the execution of the last Inca of Vilcabamba, Tupac Amaru I.
Before the conquest of Peru, in was formed by small villages called curacazgo, in the years 1100 A.D. resurfaced the local power formed by the Chancay Culture (culture of prodigious weavers), and Pachacamac (ceremonial center of unquestionable prestige) where the power was concentrated, Pachacamac was the god of the night and earthquakes.
is located in the southern part of Lima, where the bay of Paracas and important vineyards are located, the first inhabitants settled 9000 years ago, “The man of Paracas” discovered in the pampas of Santo Domingo dates from the year 6870 B.C. being the second oldest horticulturist of Peru. Three pre-Inca cultures settled here: the Paracas, Nazca and Chincha cultures and dominated by Pachacutec in the 15th century.
According to legend, Cusco was founded by Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo who emerged from Lake Titicaca by order of the Sun God.
However, it was Pachacutec who is credited with having made Cuzco a political and spiritual center. Pachacutec ruled since 1438, who together with his son Tupac Yupanqui dedicated five decades to organize the different peoples, thus forming the Tawantinsuyo, within his masterpiece is attributed Machu Picchu.
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